The primary point of this analysis is to examine the progress made in managing Vietnam’s border disputes. Yet another purpose is to analyze the challenges that lie ahead concerning to those edge disputes which remain unsettled. Both the legal and the conflict control dimensions of those disputes are addressed and analyzed.
The arrangements reached between Vietnam and ราชภัฏ neighboring countries are identified and summarized. The remaining disputes are identified in regard to the nature of their respective differences. The persistence and changes in the methods to dispute settlements are examined. The level of success in managing the boundary disputes is evaluated. The challenges of managing the remaining unsettled disputes have been discussed.
Viet Nam’S BORDER DISPUTES
This summary of the way Vietnam’s border disputes have already been are now being managed is divided in to two sections. The initial section deals with the boundary disputes which have been officially settled through arrangements or through joint-development arrangements. These settled disputes have been outlined in chronological order according to the season in which these were settled or the first agreement was already reached. The next section outlines the open border disputes.
Settled boundary disputes
On 18 July 1977 Laos and Vietnam signed a treaty delimiting their territory border. On 1 March 1990 an additional protocol was signed as was, on the exact same afternoon, an agreement on border law.
On 7 July 1982 Viet Nam and the then People’s Republic of Kampuchea (PRK) signed an agreement on”historic waters” at the Gulf of Thailand. About 20 July 1983 the two countries signed a Treaty on the principles to the settlement of boundary problems as well as also an Agreement on border regulations. On 27 December 1985 that the two nations signed the Treaty on the Delimitation of this Vietnam- Kampuchea Frontier. On 10 October 2005 that the two countries signed a Supplementary Treaty to the 1985 Treaty.
On 5 June 1992 an agreement has been reached between Malaysia and Vietnam to engage in joint development in areas of overlapping claims to continental shelf areas lying into the southwest of Vietnam also to the east north east from the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
On 9 August 1997 Thailand and Vietnam reached an agreement delimiting their continental shelf and Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) borders in a disputed region in the Gulf of Thailand to the South West of Vietnam as well as the Northeast of Thailand.
About 30 December 1999 China and Vietnam signed a Land Border Treaty settling the land boundary dispute between the two countries. On exactly the same day both states signed an agreement on fishery co-operation in the Gulf of Tonkin. On 29 April 2004 that the 2 states signed the Supplementary Protocol to the Agreement on Fishery cooperation in the Tonkin Gulf and the Regulations on preservation and management of the living resources in the Common Fishery Zone in the Gulf of Tonkin.
On 11 June 2003 Vietnam and Indonesia signed an agreement on the delimitation of the continental shelf border in the area to the north of the Natuna Islands.